Currently you can become an outlaw by trebbing on a deed that you have permissions to.
It's really not clear that you are taking a reputaion loss when doing it, and you don't have to hit anything either.
When you're an outlaw you can't join any settlement, but prior to this you could create one.
You can't anymore, because you can't create a deed outside of influence (it's a requirment for outlaw settlement)
Also, the game thinks you are an enemy to yourself so pendulum only picks you up.
[13:39:35] You are practically standing on the enemy! (I'm the only one around.)
It also makes your own spells hurt you.
[13:41:30] You cast Wrath of Magranon.
[13:41:30] You hit himself hard in the right upper arm and hurt it.
[13:41:30] Your weapon infects you with a disease.
[13:41:30] You infects you with a disease.